History

  • Paleolithic

    It is well known that humans have existed in Cangas de Onís since Paleolithic times, through the excavation work carried out in many caves in the municipality, which give us a rough idea of how they lived.

    Buxu cave

    This cave is abouEntrada de la vegetada Cueva del Buxut two kilometres from Cangas de Onís, in the direction of Covadonga. It is reached by taking a turning to the left, near the village of Cardes. The cave, which was discovered in 1916, has paintings and tools dating from the Upper Paleolithic Period, around 18,000 years ago.

    The remains found indicate that the cave was occupied at the beginning of the summer by hunters (probably from the coast) who were experts in hunting deer and goats, and salmon fishers. Among these remains is a sculpture of a bird, made from a cave bear’s tooth.

    In the paintings on the walls, in addition to abstract figures, there are goats carved in the rock or painted in black, two beautiful horses carved in great detail, and a buck. Conserving the cave paintings in Buxu Cave requires exceptional care. For this reason, ONLY 25 PERSONS ARE ALLOWED TO ENTER EVERY DAY, IN GROUPS OF FIVE. .

     

     

    La Huelga Cave

    Interior de la Cueva de la HuelgaThe cave is about five kilometres south-east of Cangas de Onís, in a valley through which the stream of La Brava flows (near the village of Narmandi).

    The waters of this stream have led to the development of a curious karstic system consisting of underground galleries that require special equipment and know-how to be explored. Groups of hunters once lived here, sheltered by the large rocky overhang formed by the cave mouth, during almost the entire Upper Paleolithic Age.

    Archaeological excavations carried out have shown the importance of the “Magdalenense” occupation (around 14,000 years ago). The remains found indicate the existence of experienced deer-hunters at the beginning of the summer season.

    Among the remains found are the tips of deer horns, a collection of necklaces made of animal teeth and bones, a deer tibia in which three deer heads are carved and a flute which is the oldest known instrument in the region.

     

     

    Los Azules Cave

    This cave is located in Contraquil, near Cangas de Onís. It is formed by a series of small caves cut in the rock opposite the point where the river Güeña flows into the Sella. The most important finding in this cave is the burial-place of a man, which was dug some 9500 years ago, and is now conserved in the Archaeological Museum of Oviedo.

    Next to the corpse were several personal objects belonging to primitive local hunters and gatherers and the remains of food, including the shells of seafood brought from the coast. At present, the cave is closed and CANNOT BE VISITED BY THE PUBLIC.

     

     

    Neolithic

    Remains from the Neolithic Period can be found in the caves of Salamuda, Trespando and Cuélebre, and the dolmens of Santa Cruz and Abamia. The dolmen of Santa Cruz (the only one that remains) consists of five large stones forming the dolmenic chamber and another two that form the start of the gallery. The most important features are the pictorial decoration and carvings. The dolmens of Abamia have disappeared. Remains belonging to the Bronze Age have been found in the cave of Cuélebre, in Santianes and Güerañu.

    El dolmen de Santa Cruz

    From the Roman era comes news of this territory called “marbles” vadinienses occupied by people, enemies of Rome, and whose domination resisted for decades took refuge in the Picos de Europa. Finally they succumbed under the weight of the empire and allowed influenced by the dominant culture, being in the territory of Cangas abundant gravestones showing how local people adopted both language and religion and Roman customs.

    Remembrance of the Roman presence is called Roman bridge in the city because although medieval in its present appearance, probably replaces another Roman period over which would one of the roads that connected the center of Asturias Santander area .

    Puente romano de Cangas de Onís

    A stretch of the road (Calzada de Piedrafita ) in the valley of Cuerres is preserved.

    Overcome a Visigoth stage, Cangas de Onis takes its greatest historical prominence with the revolt of Don Pelayo against the Muslim invasion. After the victory of Covadonga (722) Cangas a precarious section of a fledgling kingdom that eventually will become the Kingdom of Asturias becomes.

    Estatua del Rey Don Pelayo

    Dead Don Pelayo (735) four more kings happen at his court in Cangas for 57 years, until King Silo decided to move to Pravia, probably for strategic reasons, as well as the death of Alfonso III, their descendants decide to move Leon court, rather better positioned for the government of an increasingly extensive Kingdom.

    From this moment Cangas enters into oblivion for more than eight centuries, nonexempt course news ( monastic foundations, representations in the courts, visits of actual delegates… ) We must wait for the tragic event of the destruction of the shrine of Covadonga in 1777 to be again pay attention to the “site of the Spanish nation” as it is called to Covadonga. The long recovery of the sanctuary, into the twentieth century will be almost the nexus of the great events of local history and the past centuries.

    Royal visits of Isabel II, Alfonso XII, Alfonso XIII, Juan Carlos I and Don Felipe de Borbon (proclaimed here as Prince of Asturias) succeed Cardinal Roncalli also (before being elected as Pope John XXIII, visit the shrine, as S.S. John Paul I.

    The celebration of the twelfth anniversary of the Battle of Covadonga in 1918 is chosen as the time of the creation of the National Park of the Mountain of Covadonga, first of the Spanish parks .

    And in 1978 , recovered democratic freedoms , held symbolically in Cangas de Onis the constitution of the General Junta of the Principality of Asturias , collecting witness the historic institution to become the symbol of the democratic representation of ls Asturias S. XXI .

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